We see through many stories in the Bible that outward religion can cover up the true condition of the heart. The manifestations of the Fruit of the Spirit are not religious activity, but peace, love, gentleness, hope, faith etc. Certainly not worry and unbelief or works of self-righteousness.
Whenever you have outward rules you must by definition have exceptions which are not mentioned in the NT.
Many people cannot physically rest on Saturday as they are in labor camps working 7 days a week. Where is the exception for this? Are they not honoring the Lord with their trust and faith in Him? Is it not true REST to be resting from your own labors of righteousness and trust in Christ’s work?
Are those who must physically work on Saturday to feed their family not resting in the Lord, spiritually? Are we going to judge their faith in God, their spiritual disposition and position in Christ?
Does God place a higher premium on physical rest as opposed to spiritual rest?
Jesus was speaking about spiritual things in the following verse.
Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
Jesus is the fulfillment of the 4th commandment. He is the DAY of Salvation. He is our DAY, everyday!!
Jesus offers a much Better REST than the type and shadow of physical rest in the OT. We are to be resting in Him 7 days a week not 1 day. My good works could never bring me peace or save me. I have rested from these and taken up His offer to come to Him for His REST. Why would I want an inferior rest, a shadow or type from the past?
Hebrews 4:1–2 says, “God’s promise of entering his rest still stands, so we ought to tremble with fear that some of you might fail to experience it. For this good news — that God has prepared this rest — has been announced to us just as it was to them. But it did them no good because they didn’;t share the faith of those who listened to God.” But there is one condition for entering into this rest, the better rest in Jesus Christ: We have to believe! (Hebrews 4:3).
The writer of Hebrews tells us, “So there is a special rest still waiting for the people of God. For all who have entered into God’;s rest have rested from their labors, just as God did after creating the world” (Hebrews 4:9–10). This is a different rest, a better rest, because it is an everlasting rest. It is the rest Jesus gives us that allows us to cease from all work when it comes to earning our salvation, and it is the rest we have in knowing that we don’t need to rely on our own strength to live the lives God wants us to live.
When the writer of Hebrews wrote, “So in my anger I took an oath: ‘They will never enter my place of rest,’” he was quoting Psalm 95:11, which refers to the generation of Israelites who, because of their unbelief and rebellion, died in the wilderness without seeing the Promised Land.
Jesus Christ can be your REST 7 days a week. Will you believe and trust in Him or will you die in the wildnerness of rebellion?
Jesus is the “Better Rest” of God.
The promised land was a picture of Godʼs eternal rest in Jesus and their unbelief excluded them from it, the author is guessing that some of us are wondering if there still is a rest for Godʼs people.
Whenever the New Testament uses the word Sabbath in a positive light its talking about the rest we have in Jesus, having completed the work for us on the cross. Itʼs not just a day of the week we take to reflect on the cross, but its now an everyday thing where we get to enjoy God and be refreshed through His rest. So every day becomes a Sabbath. We can work, play and enjoy life to Godʼs glory all while resting in the finished work of Jesus and more specifically, resting in Christ, Himself.